“Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one Unit of Creation), before We clove them asunder? We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?” [Al-Qur’aan 21:30]
Only after advances have been made in science, do we now know that cytoplasm, the basic substance of the cell is made up of 80% water. Modern research has also revealed that most organisms consist of 50% to 90% water and that every living entity requires water for its existence. Was it possible 14 centuries ago for any human-being to guess that every living being was made of water? Moreover would such a guess be conceivable by a human being in the deserts of Arabia where there has always been scarcity of water?
The following verse refers to the creation of animals from water:
“And Allah has created Every animal from water.” [Al-Qur’aan 24:45]
The following verse refers to the creation of human beings from water:
“It is He Who has Created man from water: Then has He established Relationships of lineage And marriage: for thy Lord Has power (over all things).” [Al-Qur’aan 25:54]
[Credit goes to: NZmuslim.net]
Water quality is the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water, characterized through the methods of hydrometry.
The primary bases for such characterization are parameters which relate to drinking water, safety of human contact and for health of ecosystems. The vast majority of surface water on the planet is neither potable nor toxic. This remains true even if sea water in the oceans (which is too salty to drink) isn't counted.
Another general perception of water quality is that of a simple property that tells whether water is water pollution or not. In fact, water quality is a very complex subject, in part because water is a complex medium intrinsically tied to the ecology of the Earth. Industrial pollution is a major cause of water pollution, as well as runoff from agricultural areas, urban stormwater runoff and discharge of untreated sewage (especially in developing countries)...[Source: wikiPedia]
My interest in water... What is WATER?
Water covers 71% the Earth's surface; the oceans contain 97.2% of Earth's water. The Antarctic ice sheet, which contains 90% of all fresh water on Earth, is visible at the bottom. Condensed atmospheric water can be seen as clouds, contributing to the earth's albedo.
Water is a common chemical substance that is essential to all known forms of life. In typical usage, water refers only to its liquid form or state, but the substance also has a solid state, ice, and a gaseous state, water vapor. About 1,460 teratonnes (Tt) of water cover 71% of Earth's surface, mostly in oceans and other large water bodies, with 1.6% of water below ground in aquifers and 0.001% in the air as vapor, clouds (formed of solid and liquid water particles suspended in air), and precipitation.
Some of the Earth's water is a part of man-made and natural objects near the earth's surface such as water towers, and animal and plant bodies, manufactured products, and food stores.
Saltwater oceans hold 97.0% of surface water, glaciers and polar ice caps 2.4%, and other land surface water such as rivers and lakes 0.6%. Water in these forms moves perpetually through the water cycle of evaporation and transpiration, precipitation, and runoff usually reaching the sea. Winds carry water vapor over land at the same rate as runoff into the sea, about 36 Tt per year.
Over land, evaporation and transpiration contribute another 71 Tt per year to the precipitation of 107 Tt per year over land. Some water is trapped for periods in ice caps, glaciers, aquifers, or in lakes, for varying periods, sometimes providing fresh water for life on land. Clean, fresh water is essential to human and other life.
In many parts of the world, it is in short supply. Many very important chemical substances, such as salts, sugars, acids, alkalis, some gases (especially oxygen), and many organic molecules dissolve in water.
Outside of our planet, a significant quantity is thought to exist underground on the planet Mars, on the moons Europa and Enceladus, and on the exoplanets known as HD 189733 and HD 209458. [source: Wikipedia]
Mr. Sabtu carries with him almost 30 years of working experience, both in the public as well as the private sector. He was previously the General Manager (Organization Development), Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) – the premier power utility company. He has had the opportunity in initiating and operationalizing number of strategic assignments, over the past 15 years – especially in the area of change management and enterprise performance measures at the Group and Subsidiary levels - developing and translating strategy into actions.
In 1979 he received his BSc (Hons) in Electrical & Electronics Engineering from Portsmouth Polytechnic, England and in 1996 obtained his MBA from Ohio University, Athens. USA. He has attended 2-week formal training in Balanced Scorecard with the Balanced Scorecard Collaborative conducted by Prof Dr Kaplan and Dr Norton; the 'BSC guru' in Boston, USA in September 2000. Currently he is pursuing his PhD research on Strategic Thinking Culture.
He is Certified Professional Executive Coach (Cambridge Association of Managers, United Kingdom) , Member of International Coaching Federation (ICF), Member of Malaysian Institute of Management (MIM), Member of Malaysian Institute of Human Resource Management (MIHRM). as well as Certified Trainer (PSMB, Ministry of Human Resource, Malaysia).
Mr. Sabtu started his career with Lembaga Letrik Negara (LLN) as Consumer Engineer in 1979 and seconded to the Ministry of Energy, Telecommunication & Post as Director of Electrical Inspectorate in 1985. He actively involved in Malaysian Standards (MS) formulation with SIRIM and as the Government’s Subject Matter Expert in the electrical safety and related trades. On January 8, 2007 he left TNB, after serving for more than 27 years.
Currently he serves as resource expert to Malaysia Productivity Corporation focusing on SMEs’ transformation (strategic planning) and used to serve in the Balanced Scorecard for APO (Asian Productivity Organization, Tokyo) Best Practice Network. In May 2002, he has been appointed as the International Program Committee member of the 12th IASSE - 2003 International Conference (Intelligent & Adaptive System and Software Engineering), San Francisco, USA.
He was the Deputy President of National Quality Network (NPC) and used to be on the Board of Management, AIM (Asian Institute of Management), Alumni Club Malaysia Chapter; and an active Member of Transparency International Malaysia.
He is a regular contributor to local and regional conferences, seminars and workshops; and help organizations in developing their strategic directions using Balanced Scorecard (BSC) /and Strategy-focus Organization (SfO) methodologies. He used to serve as Associate Consultant to Consultancy Bureau, Universiti Tenaga Nasional; and currently serves as Technical Advisor (on retainer basis for Performance Management System implementation program) to Malaysia Energy Centre (PTM) – the energy research-based organization under the Ministry of Energy, Water and Communications.
©Sab2009_Brief Resume Last update: 4 Muharam 1430 / 010109